When most people think of roses, the Hybrid Tea Florists roses, otherwise called long-stemmed roses, are what initially ring a bell. Do you ever think about how the roses get those long stems? It is an interesting technique but likely not something that an amateur farmer want to try except if he loves a challenge or super serious about roses. A portion of the techniques are the same as the ones that are utilized to grow those huge vegetables and high-quality flowers, so maybe it ought to be a part of a genuine plant specialist’s knowledge base.
What is a Long Stem Rose?
When we talk of long-stemmed roses, we are commonly talking about Hybrid Tea roses. They were first cultivated in the 1800s by crossing the Tea roses and the Hybrid Perpetual roses — the best characteristics of both are apparent in the Hybrid Tea rose. The modern Hybrid Tea roses have a considerably more mixed lineage yet at the same time have their roots of existence established in the first ever cross-breeding.
Hybrid Tea roses have solid tough stems supporting a big well-formed flower. A typical Hybrid Tea rose flower is a single blossom growing on a long strong stem and cane. The Hybrid Tea rose blossoms are normally those accepting the best honors as Queen, King, and Princess of the show at rose shows. Because of their long tough stems and canes with huge well-formed blossoms, such Hybrid Tea roses are highly sought after by flower vendors around the world.
The procedure for making a rose long stemmed
The first step is to pick a type and variety of rose that will, in general, develop with a longer stem. Most times, the preferred rose is a hybrid tea rose that will grow a single bloom on a stem. For red roses, the preferred choices are Firefighter, Opening Night, and Ingrid Bergman. Some of the best alternatives for different colors include, but are not restricted to, Aalsmeer Gold, Antique Silk, and Bridal White.
There are two key points in getting large blossoms on long stems – this includes climate control and pruning. With regards to pruning, this is the standard technique for getting a bigger vegetable or blossom. All the buds, with the exception of the main one, are expelled. Most plants will react to this method by diverting nutrients into the single remaining bud which makes it grow into a larger blossom.
This is followed by the removal of the majority of the supporting branches and lateral leaves while making sure that the primary flowering stem is not damaged. This is how the single long stem, cherished by florists, is created. Blossomed roses have to be removed before the hips develop either for cut blooms or deadheaded as they fade away.
The common length of roses include:
- Petite, Miniature, or Sweetheart Roses
About 30 to 40 cm (11.75″ to 15.75″) long with buds that are 1″ high and ½” wide.
- Tea Roses or Short Stem
About 40cm (15.75″) long with buds that are 1.5 to 2″ high and 1” wide.
- Medium Stem Roses
About 50cm (19.75″) long with buds that are 1.5 to 2″ high and 1” wide.
- Long Stem Roses
About 60cm (23.5″) long with buds that are 2 to 2.5″ high and 1.5″ wide.
- Premium Long Stem Roses
About 70 – 80cm (27.5″ and up) long with buds that are 2.5 to 3” high and 2″ wide.
The best quality rose is usually one with twenty-four inch stems with a bud that is one inch or wider.
The Meaning of the Colors on Long Stem Roses
One reason for their continuous prominence is that the shades of long-stemmed roses have meanings that have been passed down from many centuries. A few colors show great affection and love, some harmony and joy, while others admiration and compassion.
Here is a brief list of some colors of roses and their meanings:
- Burgundy and dull red – Bashful or Unconscious beauty;
- Deep Pink – Appreciation, Gratitude;
- Lavender – Symbol of charm, also generally used to express love at first sight;
- Light Pink – Sympathy, Admiration;
- Orange – Eagerness;
- Pale Blended Tones – Friendship, Sociability;
- Red – Respect, Love;
- Red and Yellow Blend – Joviality;
- Red Rosebuds – Purity;
- Rosebuds – Youth;
- Single Roses – Simplicity;
- Two Roses Wired Together – Engagement or upcoming marriage.
- White – Purity, Innocence;
- Yellow – Gladness, Joy;
This list isn’t comprehensive, as there are different hues, blends, and mixes with their meanings too. This is just a guide to give you an idea of the meaning of common colors of the rose hand bouquet that you are planning to buy.
Tips for growing a Long Stemmed Rose
- Climate control in the home garden is, as one may speculate, way hard to control. Though roses like the sun, you need to plant them under shade if you want to grow high-quality roses. It is essential to lessen stress, like that of a sun, which might affect the ability of the plants to reach the maximum growth potential.
- The absence of water is also another source of stress to plants so ensure you water them every two days or more often if required. Water the plant if the soil feels dry. Roses need at least three inches of water in seven days.
- Pick a compost that is mainly for roses and closely follows the directions on how to use. Or, you could use fertilizer and mulch to discourage the growth of weeds and retain moisture in the soil. The rose bushes ought to be kept as healthy as possible in the garden. Mist the buds each couple of days to keep them clean and to saturate the petals.
- An outside climate can be stressful for the plants. Since, you won’t be able to control pests, wind, and temperature. This is the reason why most florists grow the roses in nurseries/greenhouses. The flowers will be able to grow larger and the stems will also elongate to the maximum when humidity is kept at 60-70% and the temperature is kept at around 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
- The expert secret of growing ideal long-stemmed roses in the nursery is increasing the carbon dioxide level. Cultivators have been doing this for a long time to stimulate plant development. It enables plants to manage pressure and boosts the plant’s capacity to utilize water. A higher rate of photosynthesis builds the biomass of the plant and the bigger root system enables the plant to assimilate more nutrients.
While a large portion of us are likely not going to attempt most of the tips highlighted above to grow roses, they might come in handy in other areas.